ROCHESTER, N.Y. (WROC) — Officials from the Strong National Museum of Play announced Wednesday this year’s finalists for the National Toy Hall of Fame.
This year’s finalists include:
- Breyer Horses
- Masters of the Universe
- Nerf Toys
- Phase 10
- Pound Puppies
The National Toy Hall of Fame was established in 1998 and “recognizes toys that have inspired creative play and enjoyed popularity over a sustained period.” Anyone can nominate a toy to the National Toy Hall of Fame and final selections are made on the advice of historians, educators, and other individuals who exemplify learning, creativity, and discovery through their lives and careers.
According to Strong officials, The National Toy Hall of Fame recognizes toys that have “engaged and delighted multiple generations.” Criteria for induction include:
- Icon-status (the toy is widely recognized, respected, and remembered)
- Longevity (the toy is more than a passing fad and has enjoyed popularity over multiple generations)
- Discovery (the toy fosters learning, creativity, or discovery through play)
- and Innovation (the toy profoundly changed play or toy design)
Meet the finalists:
American bingo is descended from a lottery game first played in Italy around 1530. The game came to be known as lotto and was played in France and in Germany as a teaching tool. A marketer copied the 1920s American carnival game beano, changed its name to bingo, and the game has become a staple of adult play and fundraisers for churches and charity organizations. Different versions of Bingo are played world-wide, and it is especially popular in Mexico.
In 1951, The Breyer Molding Company introduced Breyer Horses, which realistically captured the spirt and magic of the living creatures. Hand-designed by artists, the unique horses seized the imaginations of children, drew interest from collectors, and became cherished keepsakes for equestrians. The brand continues its popularity today after more than 70 years.
The Settlers of Catan, now called “Catan,” was first published by Kosmos in Germany in 1995. It’s one of the first German-style board games to find widespread popularity outside of Europe. It is a cooperative game in which players representing settlers establish a settlement on an island by spending resources, which are earned through trade and rolls of the dice. It’s been called the “game of our time” by the Washington Post, is sold in more than 30 languages, and has won multiple international awards in game design.
Created in 1966, Lite-Brite uses backlit plastic pegs on a black background for children to create glowing images, either following manufactured designs or creating their own picture. Through the years, Lite-Brite has gradually changed its format and technology but the potential for open-ended creativity has kept Lite-Brite popular for more than 50 years.
Masters of the Universe
The Master of the Universe line of action figures, which includes the iconic He-Man and She-Ra, traces its popularity to maker Mattel’s use of comic books, television, and the big screen. The cartoon series He-Man and the Masters of the Universe, which ran from 1983 to 1985, created a cohesive, fantasy world that allowed Mattel to introduce new characters and new toys to the line. Over the years, Mattel has paired the brand with everything from toothbrushes to sleeping bags.
Introduced in the 1960s as a foam ball harmless enough to throw indoors, Nerf toys have evolved into a line of blasters that shoot harmless foam darts for outdoor fun that encourages physical exertion, social interactions, and strategic thinking.
As the centerpiece of a party game, a piñata is a paper mâché object filled with small toys, confetti, fruits, candies, or coins and raised high with rope. Both children and adults can play; while blindfolded, players swing a stick and try to break open the piñata and shower guests with the treats inside. Commonly associated with Mexican culture, the object may date back to early 13th-century China. Although there is an inherent impermanence to the piñata as a plaything, it has been and continues to be used in religious and secular celebrations all over the world.
In 1982, Black game inventor and entrepreneur Ken Johnson introduced Phase 10. The rummy-style card game challenged players to collect various groups of cards to complete 10 phases, in sequential order, before their opponents. The game took off, spawning sequels, variations, and a popular mobile app game. Today, it is one of the bestselling card games in the world, second only to National Toy Hall of Fame inductee Uno.
Pound Puppies hit the marketplace in 1984. Parents were thrilled to appease their kids’ need to nurture a puppy without the responsibilities of a real dog. Kids were equally pleased and doted on their pets. By 1985, Tonka brought Pound Puppies to the United States. They sold out across the country in short order, and that year alone more than 2.5 million puppies were adopted. As with many toys from the 1980s, an animated series further reinforced the commercial power of Pound Puppies. A contemporary line of Pound Puppies was released in 2014.
The Milton Bradley Company introduced the card game Rack-O in 1956. Rack-O falls under the card game category known as pattern building. Specifically, players replace numbered cards in their racks during each round so their card numbers read in a progression from lowest to highest. The game teaches the order of numbers and is one of the few card games that can be easily enjoyed by both younger and older people, making it a great example of a family game.
For more than 50 years, Spirograph has combined play, art, math, and education to create unique patterns and drawings. Spirograph was first conceived as a plaything where “gears” helped guide special pens in geometric patterns, but it proved to be much more. Educators found in the set a tool for improving hand-eye coordination and for developing creativity, design, and spatial thinking and planning. Either way, it found the winning formula for fun.
Since ancient times, the spinning top has been a childhood staple of cultures in Asia, Europe, the Americas, and Australia. The toy form has entertained adults too. Ancient Greek pottery shows women playing with tops more than 2,000 years ago. Special eight-sided tops called teetotums supply the element of chance in board games and similar pastimes. Modern kids play with this classic toy still, calculating the placement, centrifugal force, and velocity needed to execute the longest spin or to capture their competitors’ prized tops.
To date, the following 77 toys have been inducted into the Hall (sorted alphabetically):
- Alphabet Blocks — Inducted 2003
- American Girl Dolls — Inducted 2021
- Atari 2600 Game System — Inducted 2007
- Baby Doll — Inducted 2008
- Baby Nancy — Inducted 2020
- Ball — Inducted 2009
- Barbie — Inducted 1998
- Bicycle — Inducted 2000
- Big Wheel — Inducted 2009
- Blanket — Inducted 2011
- Bubbles — Inducted 2014
- Candy Land — Inducted 2005
- Cardboard Box — Inducted 2005
- Checkers — Inducted 2003
- Chess — Inducted 2013
- ClueInducted 2017
- Coloring Book — Inducted 2019
- Crayola Crayons — Inducted 1998
- Dollhouse — Inducted 2011
- Dominoes — Inducted 2012
- Duncan Yo-Yo — Inducted 1999
- Dungeons & Dragons — Inducted 2016
- Easy-Bake Oven — Inducted 2006
- Erector Set — Inducted 1998
- Etch A Sketch — Inducted 1998
- Fisher-Price Little People — Inducted 2016
- Frisbee — Inducted 1998
- G.I. Joe — Inducted 2004
- The Game of Life — Inducted 2010
- Hot Wheels — Inducted 2011
- Hula Hoop — Inducted 1999
- Jack-in-the-Box — Inducted 2005
- Jacks — Inducted 2000
- Jenga — Inducted 2020
- Jigsaw Puzzle — Inducted 2002
- Jump Rope — Inducted 2000
- Kite — Inducted 2007
- LEGO — Inducted 1998
- Lincoln Logs — Inducted 1999
- Lionel Trains — Inducted 2006
- Little Green Army Men — Inducted 2014
- Magic 8 Ball — Inducted 2018
- Magic: The Gathering — Inducted 2019
- Marbles — Inducted 1998
- Matchbox Cars — Inducted 2019
- Monopoly — Inducted 1998
- Mr. Potato Head — Inducted 2000
- Nintendo Game Boy — Inducted 2009
- Paper Airplane — Inducted 2017
- Pinball — Inducted 2018
- Play-Doh — Inducted 1998
- Playing Cards — Inducted 2010
- Puppet — Inducted 2015
- Radio Flyer Wagon — Inducted 1999
- Raggedy Ann and Andy — Inducted 2002
- Risk — Inducted 2021
- Rocking Horse — Inducted 2004
- Roller Skates — Inducted 1999
- Rubber Duck — Inducted 2013
- Rubik’s Cube — Inducted 2014
- Sand — Inducted 2021
- Scrabble — Inducted 2004
- Sidewalk Chalk — Inducted 2020
- Silly Putty — Inducted 2001
- Skateboard — Inducted 2008
- Slinky — Inducted 2000
- Star Wars Action Figures — Inducted 2012
- Stick — Inducted 2008
- Super Soaker — Inducted 2015
- Swing — Inducted 2016
- Teddy Bear — Inducted 1998
- Tinkertoy — Inducted 1998
- Tonka Trucks — Inducted 2001
- Twister — Inducted 2015
- Uno — Inducted 2018
- View-Master — Inducted 1999
- Wiffle Ball — Inducted 2017